Previous: Early Italy Back to Main Index RISE OF ISLAM AND PERSIA: 622 to 1587 Combined chronological listing covering this period Next: Early Northern Europe

622 Hejira - Mohammed's flight from Mecca to Medina
624 Jihad - Mohammed and his followers subdue Mecca
638 Jeruslam captured by Muslims
669 Muslims halted by Byzantines at Constantinople
711 Muslims invade Spain
732 Muslim army stopped by Charles Martel in France
762 Baghdad becomes centre of Arab/Muslim golden age of arts
809 Death of Harun-ar-Rashid, Caliph of Baghdad
840 Muslims occupy much of Southern Italy
945 Persian Muslims capture Baghdad
1037 Death of Avicenna (Persian philosopher and physician)
1099 First Crusade retakes Jerusalem from Muslims
1123 Death of Omar Khayyam (Persian poet and mathematician)
1187 Muslims under Saladin destroy Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
1198 Death of Averroes (Arab philosopher)
1272 Last Crusade (Ninth) ends in failure
1291 Acre recaptured by Muslims (end of Christian influence in area)
1502 Fanatical Shi'ite Islam develops under Safavids of Persia
1587 Shah Abbas the Great becomes rules of Persia

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