Previous: Imperial PortugalBack to Main Index THE NEW WORLD: 1492 to 1763 Combined chronological listing covering this period Next: Decline of Turkish Empire

1492 Genoese Christoher Columbus "discovers" West Indies for Spain
1497 John Cabot lands in Canada - later claimed for England
1498 Columbus briefly lands on South American mainland
1500 Pedro Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal
1512 Spaniard Vasco Núñez de Balboa first to see Pacific Ocean (from Panama)
1513 Juan Ponce de Leon claims Florida for Spain
1519 Portuguese/Spaniard Ferdinand Magellan rounds South American mainland
1521 Mexico conquered for Spain by Hernando Cortes
1535 Peru conquered for Spain by Francisco Pizarro
1538 Colombia conquered for Spain by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
1540 Spaniard Franciso de Coronado explores North America
1607 First permanent British settlement founded in Virginia, North America
1608 Permanent French colony founded in Quebec by Samuel de Champlain
1620 Puritan Pilgrim Father establish colony in New England
1652 Dutch establish colony (present day New York) in North America
1664 New York taken from Dutch by British
1670 Britain establishes Hudson Bay Company in Canada
1682 French claim large territories in Louisiana
1692 Witchcraft trials in Salem, Massachusetts
1713 Spain grants monopoly of American slave trade to Britain
1732 Georgia, last of original American colonies, settled by British
1759 General James Wolfe takes French Quebec for Britain
1763 Treaty of Paris confirms British dominance in Canada

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