Previous: Early Northern Europe Back to Main Index EARLY GERMANY AND HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE: 843 to 1273 Combined chronological listing covering this period Next: Early Russia

843 Treaty of Verdun - seperate France and Germany established
936 Otto I expands German Empire to Poland and Austria
962 Otto I crowned Emperor of Holy Roman (German) Empire
1077 Emperor Henry IV forced to yield to Pope Gregory VII
1122 Concordat of Worms established papal right to invest bishops
1152 Frederick II (Barbarossa) becomes Holy Roman Emperor
1176 Frederick II defeated by Lombards - state of Italy founded
1273 Rudolph I first Hapsburg Holy Roman Emperor

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